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What is causing my heel pain?

imageHeel pain can be caused by a number of reasons, the most common include:
Heel spurs and Plantar Fasciitis
Tendonitis, bursitis or periostitis
Osteochondritis or Severs Disease
Arthritis
Callus and corns (hard skin) or warts (Verrucae)
Fat pad contusion
Fracture including stress fracture
Neuritis, nerve impingement or Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome
Haglund’s Deformity, heel bumps or ‘pump bumps’
Bone cyst
Heel bruises

Heel pain has many causes, usually the result of faulty biomechanics (abnormalities in the way we stand, walk and run). This can place too much stress on the heel bone and the soft tissues attached to it. The stress may also result from injury, or a bruise incurred while walking, running or jumping on hard surfaces; wearing poorly constructed footwear; or being overweight.  Systemic diseases such as arthritis and diabetes can also contribute to heel pain.

What is arch pain?

imageArch pain is the term used to describe symptoms that occur under the arch of the foot.

The arch of the foot is formed by a bridge of bones, joints, ligaments, tendons and muscles, reinforced by a tight band of tissue that connects the heel bone to the toes (plantar fascia).
The arch is important as it provides stability and postural integrity to the foot and is the foundation of the entire body.

Forefoot pain

What are the causes of forefoot pain? image

There are many causes of forefoot pain, however the most common is due to abnormal mechanical stresses as a result of:
  * An increase in the intensity of weight bearing or an increase in duration of weight bearing
  * Inadequate footwear or a change of footwear
  * Forefoot, rearfoot or lower limb structural malalignment
  * Injury
  * Build up of skin resulting in a mass of tissue, often creating a localised inflammation and irritation
  * An increase in body weight leading to an increase in overall stress to the forefoot
  * Uneven and unforgiving training and walking surfaces may lead to an increase in ground reaction forces

These can create excessive and prolonged stress on certain parts of the forefoot during gait bearing which leads to greater soft tissue and bone stress resulting in inflammation and or degeneration.
 

What are Functional Posted Foot Orthotics?

Functional posted orthotics control abnormal position and movement of the foot.

While standing or walking the heel and midfoot are held in a more stable position. This allows the foot to function more efficiently during weight-bearing and propulsion.

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